Key concepts

 

Austvoll-Dahlgren A, Oxman AD, Chalmers I, Nsangi A, Glenton C, Lewin S, Morelli A, Rosenbaum S, Semakula D, Sewankambo N. Key concepts that people need to understand to assess claims about treatment effects. Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine 2015; 8(3):112-25.
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Nsangi A, Semakula D, Oxman AD, Sewankambo N. Teaching children in low-income countries to assess claims about treatment effects: prioritization of key concepts.  Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine 2015; 8(4):173-80.
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Semakula D, Nsangi A, Oxman AD, Sewankambo N. Priority setting for resources to improve information about claims of treatment effects in the mass media. Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine 2015; 8(2):84-90.
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Learning resources

Woloshin S, Schwartz LM, Welch G. Know Your Chances. Understanding Health Statistics. Berkeley (CA): University of California Press, 2008.
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Evans I, Thornton H, Chalmers I, Glasziou P. Testing Treatments: Better Research for Better Healthcare. Second Edition. London: Pinter & Martin Ltd, 2011.
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Informed Health Choices Group. The Health Choices Book: Learning to think carefully about treatments. A health science book for primary school children. Oslo: Norwegian Institute of Public Health, 2016.
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Informed Health Choices Group. Teachers’ Guide for The Health Choices Book: Learning to think carefully about treatments. A health science book for primary school children. Oslo: Norwegian Institute of Public Health, 2016.
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The Informed Healthcare Choices Group. The Health Choices programme podcast Kampala: Makerere University, 2016.
Listen

CARL Working Group. Critical thinking and Appraisal Resource Library (CARL). Oxford: James Lind Initiative, 2016.
Website

Castle J, Chalmers I, Atkinson P, Badenoch D, Oxman AD, Austvoll-Dahlgren A, Krause K, Schwartz L, Woloshin S, Burls A, Mosconi P, Nordheim L, Hoffmann T, Cusack L, Albarqouni L, Glasziou P. Establishing a library of resources to help people understand Key Concepts in assessing treatment claims – The Critical thinking and Appraisal Resource Library (CARL). PLoS One 2017; Jul 24;12(7):e0178666.
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Systematic reviews of learning resources

 

Krause LK, Schwartz L, Woloshin S, Oxman A. Interactive tools to teach the public to be critical consumers of information about health care: What’s out there? Abstracts of the 19th Cochrane Colloquium, Madrid, Spain, 2011, 157.
Abstract | Poster

Nordheim L, Gundersen MW, Espehaug B, Guttersrud Ø, Flottorp S. Effects of school-based educational interventions for enhancing adolescents’ abilities in critical appraisal of health claims: a systematic review. PLoS One 2016; 11(8):e0161485.
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Cusack L, Del Mar CB, Chalmers I, Hoffmann TC. Education interventions to improve people’s understanding of key concepts in assessing the effects of health interventions: a systematic review protocol. Systematic Reviews 2016; 5:37.
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Astrid Austvoll-Dahlgren, Allen Nsangi, Daniel Semakula. Interventions and assessment tools addressing key concepts people need to know to appraise claims about treatment effects: a systematic mapping review. Systematic Reviews. 2016;5:215. doi:10.1186/s13643-016-0389-z.
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Development and evaluation of learning resources

 

Nsangi A, Semakula D, Oxman AD, Austvoll-Dahlgren A, Oxman M, Rosenbaum S, Morelli A, Glenton C, Lewin S, Kaseje M, Chalmers I, Fretheim A, Ding Y, Sewankambo N. Effects of the Informed Health Choices primary school intervention on the ability of children in Uganda to assess the reliability of claims about treatment effects: a cluster-randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2017; doi.org/10.1016/ S0140-6736(17)31226-6
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Semakula D, Nsangi A, Oxman AD, Oxman M, Austvoll-Dahlgren A, Rosenbaum S, Morelli A, Glenton C, Lewin S, Kaseje M, Chalmers I, Fretheim A, Kristoffersen DT, Sewankambo N. Effects of the Informed Health Choices podcast on the ability of parents of primary school children in Uganda to assess claims about treatment effects: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2017; doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(17)31225-4
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Nsangi A, Semakula D, Rosenbaum S, Oxman M, Morelli A, Oxman AD,Glenton C, Lewin S, Austvoll-Dahlgren A, Kaseje M, Mugisha M, Uwitonze AM, Nyirazinyoye L, Chalmers I, Fretheim A, Sewankambo NK. Development of the Informed Health Choices resources to teach primary school children to assess claims about treatment effects in four countries. IHC Working Paper, 2017.
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Semakula D, Nsangi A, Oxman M, Rosenbaum S, Austvoll-Dahlgren A, Glenton C, Lewin S, Chalmers I, Oxman AD, Sewankambo NK. User experiences of the Informed Health Choices podcast to improve the ability of parents of primary school children in Uganda to assess claims about treatment effects. In preparation.

Oxman M, Rosenbaum S, Morelli A, Glenton C, Austvoll-Dahlgren A, Lewin S, Chalmers I, Nsangi A, Semakula D, Sewankambo NK, Oxman AD. User experiences of the Informed Health Choices resources to teach primary school children to assess claims about treatment effects at an international school in a high-income country. In preparation.

Mugisha M. Piloting primary school teaching resources for informed health care choices in an urban school in Kigali, Rwanda: a qualitative study. A dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Public Health in the College of Medicine and Health Sciences, 2016.
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Nsangi A, Semakula D, Oxman AD, Rosenbaum S, Austvoll-Dahlgren A, Nyirazinyoye L, Kaseje M, Chalmers I, Fretheim A, Sewankambo NK. Does the use of the Informed Healthcare Choices (IHC) primary school resources improve the ability of grade-5 children in Uganda to assess the trustworthiness of claims about the effects of treatments: Protocol for a cluster-randomised trial. Trials (2017) 18:223.
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Semakula D, Nsangi A, Oxman M, Austvoll-Dahlgren A, Rosenbaum S, Kaseje M, Nyirazinyoye L, Fretheim A, Chalmers I, Oxman AD, Sewankambo NK. Can an educational podcast improve the ability of parents of primary school children to assess the reliability of claims made about the benefits and harms of treatments: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials 2017; 18: 31.
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Nsangi A, Semakula D, Glenton C, Lewin S, Oxman AD, Oxman M, Rosenbaum S, Austvoll-Dahlgren A, Nyirazinyoye L, Kaseje M, Fretheim A, Sewankambo NK. Resources to teach primary school children in low-income countries to assess claims about treatment effects: Protocol for a process evaluation. IHC Working Paper; 2016. ISBN 978-82-8082-780-7
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Semakula D, Nsangi A, Glenton C, Kaseje M, Lewin S, Oxman AD, Oxman M, Rosenbaum S, Austvoll-Dahlgren A, Chalmers I, Fretheim A, Sewankambo NK. An educational podcast to improve the ability of parents of primary school children in Uganda to assess claims about treatment effects: Process evaluation protocol. Informed Health Choices Working Paper; 2017. ISBN 978-82-8082-804-0.
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Nordheim L, Pettersen, KS, Flottorp S, Hjälmhult E. Critical appraisal of health claims: Science teachers’ perceptions and practices. Health Education 2016; 116(5):449–66.
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Claim evaluation tools

 

Austvoll-Dalhgren A, Semakula D, Nsangi A, Oxman AD, Chalmers I, Rosenbaum S, Guttersrud Ø, and the IHC Group. Measuring ability to assess claims about treatment effects: the development of the “Claim Evaluation Tools”. BMJ Open 2016;6:e013184. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013184.

Austvoll-Dahlgren A, Guttersrud Ø, Nsangi A, Semakula D, Oxman AD, The IHC group. Measuring ability to assess claims about treatment effects: A latent trait analysis of the Claim Evaluation Tools using Rasch modelling. BMJ Open 2017;0:e013185. doi:10.1136/ bmjopen-2016-013185.

Davies A, Gerrity M, Nordheim LV, Opiyo N, Okebukola PO, Sharples J, Wilson H, Wiysonge C, Oxman AD. Measuring ability to assess claims about treatment effects: establishment of a standard for passing and mastery. IHC Working Paper, 2017. ISBN 978-82-8082-802-6.
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Wang Q, Chen Y, Austvoll-Dahlgren A, Guttersrud Ø, The Claim Evaluation Tools Working Group*. Measuring ability to assess claims about treatment effects in China: A latent trait analysis of the Claim Evaluation Tools. In preparation.

Pérez Gaxiola G, Austvoll-Dahlgren A, Guttersrud Ø, The Claim Evaluation Tools Working Group.[Psychometric validation of a questionnaire to measure the ability of the public to evaluate claims about treatments]. Gaceta Médica de México, in press.

Austvoll-Dalhgren A, Oxman AD, Chalmers I. The Claim Evaluation Tools Working Group. Manual for preparing a test or questionnaire based on the Claim Evaluation Tools database. Version: 07.08.2017.
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Oxman AD, Austvoll-Dahlgren A, Garratt A, Rosenbaum S. Understanding of key concepts relevant to assessing claims about treatment effects: a survey of Norwegian adults. IHC Working Paper, 2017. ISBN 978-82-8082-819-4
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Semakula D, Nsangi A, Øystein G, Oxman AD, Sewankambo NK, Austvoll-Dahlgren A. Measuring ability to assess claims about treatment effects in English and Luganda: evaluation of multiple-choice questions from the “Claim Evaluation Tools” database using Rasch modelling. Informed Health Choices Working Paper, 2017. ISBN 978-82-8082-830
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Qi Wang, Astrid Austvoll-Dahlgren, Yang Yu, Qi Zhou, Nan Yang, Lian Liu, Zijun, Wang, Yaolong Chen. Evaluating people’s ability to assess treatment claims: validation of a test in Mandarin developed from the Claim Evaluation Tools database. Submitted manuscript, 2017.

 

Glossary

 

The GET-IT Working Group. Glossary of Evaluation Terms for Informed Treatment choices (GET-IT). Oxford: James Lind Initiative.
Website

Moberg J, Austvoll-Dahlgren A, Treweek S, Badenoch D, Harbour R, Rosenbaum S, Oxman A, Chalmers I. Glossary of Evaluation Terms for informed treatment choices in plain language (GET-IT): Development and evaluation. Poster Abstracts: 9th Conference on Global Health and Vaccination Research, Oslo, Norway, 2015, 30.
Abstract | Poster

Moberg J, Austvoll-Dahlgren A, Treweek S, Badenoch D, Layfield R, Harbour R, Rosenbaum S, Oxman AD, Atkinson P, Chalmers I. A plain language Glossary of Evaluation Terms for Informed Treatment choices (GET-IT) at www.getitglossary.org. IHC Working Paper, 2017. ISBN 978-82-8082-834-7
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Resources for accessible evidence

 

Glenton C. Developing patient-centred information for back pain patients. Health Expectations 2002; 5(4):319–29.
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Glenton C, Nilsen ES, Carlsen B. Lay perceptions of evidence-based information – a qualitative evaluation of a website for back pain sufferers. BMC Health Services Research 2006; 6:34.
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Glenton C, Santesso N, Rosenbaum S, Nilsen ES, Rader T, Ciapponi A, Dilkes H. Presenting the results of Cochrane Systematic Reviews to a consumer audience: a qualitative study. Medical Decision Making 2010; 30(5):566-77.
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Akl EA, Oxman AD, Herrin J, Vist GE, Terrenato I, Sperati F, Costiniuk C, Blank D, Schünemann H. Using alternative statistical formats for presenting risks and risk reductions. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2011; Issue 3, Art. No. CD006776.
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Akl EA, Oxman AD, Herrin J, Vist GE, Terrenato I, Sperati F, Costiniuk C, Blank D, Schünemann H. Framing of health information messages. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Issue 12, Art. No. CD006777.
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Rosenbaum SE, Glenton C, Cracknell J. User experiences of evidence-based online resources for health professionals: user testing of The Cochrane Library. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 2008; 8:34
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Rosenbaum SE, Glenton C, Nylund HK, Oxman AD. User testing and stakeholder feedback contributed to the development of understandable and useful Summary of Findings tables for Cochrane Reviews. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 2010; 63(6):607-19.
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Rosenbaum SE, Glenton C, Oxman AD. Summary of Findings tables improved understanding and rapid retrieval of key information in Cochrane Reviews. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 2010; 63(6):620-6.
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Guyatt GH, Oxman AD, Akl EA, Kunz R, Vist G, Brozek J, Norris S, YFalck-Ytter Y, Glasziou P, deBeerh H, Jaeschke R, Rind D, Meerpohl J, Dahm P, Schünemann HJ. GRADE guidelines 1. Introduction – GRADE evidence profiles and summary of findings tables. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 2011; 64(4):383-94.
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Rosenbaum SE, Glenton C, Wiysonge CS, Abalos E, Mignini L, Young T, Althabe F, Ciapponi A, Garcia Marti S, Meng Q, Wang J, De la Hoz Bradford AM, Kiwanuka S, Rutebemberwa E, Flottorp S, Oxman AD. Evidence summaries tailored for health policymakers in low and middle-income countries. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2011; 89(1):54-61.
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Moberg J, Treweek S, Rada G, Rosenbaum S, Morelli A, Alonso-Coello P, Glenton C, Lewin S, Odgaard-Jensen J, Oxman AD. Does an interactive Summary of Findings table improve users’ understanding of and satisfaction with information about the benefits and harms of treatments? Protocol for a randomized trial. IHC Working Paper; 2016. ISBN 978-82-8082-809-5
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Alonso-Coello P, Schünemann HJ, Moberg J, Brignardello-Petersen R, Akl E, Davoli M, Treweek S, Mustafa R, Rada R, Rosenbaum S, Morelli A, Guyatt GH, Oxman AD, for the GRADE Working Group. GRADE Evidence to Decision (EtD) frameworks: A systematic and transparent approach to making well-informed healthcare choices. 1. Introduction. BMJ 2016; 353:i2016.
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Alonso-Coello P, Oxman AD, Moberg J, Brignardello-Petersen R, Akl e, Davoli M, Treweek s, Mustafa R, Vandvik P, Meerpohl J, Guyatt GH, Schünemann HJ, for the GRADE Working Group. GRADE Evidence to Decision (EtD) frameworks: 2. Clinical practice guidelines. BMJ 2016; 353:i2089.
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Moberg J, Alonso-Coello P, Oxman AD. GRADE Evidence to Decision (EtD) Frameworks Guidance. Version 1.1 [updated May 2015], The GRADE Working Group, 2015.
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Moberg J, Oxman AD, Rosenbaum S, Treweek S, Schünemann H, Guyatt G, Flottorp S, Glenton C, Lewin S, Morelli A, Rada G, Alonso-Coello P for the GRADE Working Group. GRADE Evidence to Decision (EtD) frameworks: Health system and public health decisions. In preparation.

Oxman AD (editor). Preparing and maintaining systematic reviews. In The Cochrane Collaboration. The Cochrane Collaboration Handbook. Oxford: The Cochrane Collaboration, 1994, VI-i – VI-75.

Sackett DL, Oxman AD (editors). The Cochrane Collaboration Handbook. Oxford: The Cochrane Collaboration, 1995.

Oxman AD, Altman DG, Chalmers I. Classified bibliography of references about systematic reviews. In Chalmers I, Altman DG (editors). Systematic Reviews. London: BMJ Books, 1996, 96-112.

Mulrow CD, Oxman AD. Cochrane Collaboration Handbook. 3rd edition. The Cochrane Library, 1996.

Glenton C, Oxman AD. Cochrane Review Methodology Database. The Cochrane Library, 1998.

Antes G, Oxman AD for the Cochrane Collaboration. The Cochrane Collaboration in the 20th century. In: Egger M, Smith GD, Altman DG (editors). Systematic Reviews in Health Care. Meta-analysis in Context. London: BMJ Publishers, 2001, 447-58.

Oxman AD. The Cochrane Collaboration in the 21st century: ten challenges and one reason why they must be met. In: Egger M, Smith GD, Altman DG (editors). Systematic Reviews in Health Care. Meta-analysis in Context. London: BMJ Publishers, 2001, 459-73.

Clarke M, Oxman AD (editors). Cochrane Reviewers Handbook 4.2.0 [updated March 2003]. In: The Cochrane Library, Issue 2. Oxford: Update Software.

Altman D, Antes G, Gøtzsche P, Higgins JPT, Jüni P, Lewis S, Moher D, Oxman AD, Schultz K, Sterne J, Thompson S. Assessing risk of bias in included studies. Chapter 8. In: Higgins JPT, Green S (editors). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. Chichester (UK): Wiley-Blackwell, 2003.
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Schünemann HJ, Oxman AD, Vist GE, Higgins JPT, Glasziou P, Guyatt GH. Presenting results and ‘summary of findings’ tables. Chapter 11. In: Higgins JPT, Green S (editors), Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. Chichester (UK): Wiley-Blackwell, 2008.
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Schünemann HJ, Oxman AD, Vist GE, Higgins JPT, Deeks JJ, Glasziou P, Guyatt GH. Interpreting results and drawing conclusions. Chapter 12. In: Higgins JPT, Green S (editors), Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. Chichester (UK): Wiley-Blackwell, 2008.
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Becker L, Oxman AD. Overviews of reviews. Chapter 22. In: Higgins JPT, Green S (editors). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. Chichester (UK): Wiley-Blackwell, 2008.
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Clarke M, Oxman AD, Paulsen E, Higgins JPT, Green S. Guide to the contents of a Cochrane Methodology protocol and review. Appendix A. In: Higgins JPT, Green S (editors). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. Chichester (UK): Wiley-Blackwell, 2008.
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Oxman AD. Helping people make well informed decisions about health care: old and new challenges to achieving the aim of the Cochrane Collaboration. Systematic Reviews 2013; 2:77.
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Effective Practice and Organisation of Care (EPOC). EPOC Resources for review authors. Oslo: Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services, 2013.
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Rada G, Pérez D, Capurro D. Epistemonikos: A free, relational, collaborative, multilingual database of health evidence. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics 2013; 192:486-90.
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Rada G, Neumann I, Cerda J. A new way to find evidence quickly and efficiently. Medwave 2014; 14(10):e6044.
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Rada G. [Quick evidence reviews using Epistemonikos: a thorough, friendly and current approach to evidence in health]. Medwave 2014; 14(6):e5997.
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Rada G, Bachelet VC. Epistemonikos summaries in Medwave: reliable and user-friendly evidence that is here to stay. Medwave 2015; 15(7):e6232.
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Woloshin S, Schwartz LM, Welch G. Know Your Chances. Understanding Health Statistics. Berkeley (CA): University of California Press, 2008.
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Editorials and commentaries

 

Chalmers I. Explaining the unbiased creation of treatment comparison groups. Lancet 2009; 374:1670-1.
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Sharples JM, Oxman AD, Mahtani KR, Chalmers I, Oliver S, Collins K, Austvoll-Dahlgren A, Hoffmann T. Critical thinking in healthcare and education. BMJ 2017; 357:j2234
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